More events to be announced soon. More info to come. Here are some recent reviews from Antony and the Johnsons: Show and ticketing information can be found here.
General features and dynamics[ edit ] Hypothetical sea ice dynamics scenario showing some of the most common sea ice features. Sea ice does not simply grow and melt.
During its lifespan, it is very dynamic. Due to the combined action of winds, currents, water temperature, and air temperature fluctuations, sea ice expanses typically undergo a significant amount of deformation. Sea ice is classified according to whether or not it is able to drift, and according to its age.
Fast ice versus drift or pack ice[ edit ] Sea ice can be classified according to whether or not it is attached or frozen to the shoreline or between shoals or to grounded icebergs.
If attached, it is called landfast ice, or more often, fast ice from fastened. Alternatively, and unlike fast ice, drift ice occurs further offshore in very wide areas, and encompasses ice that is free to move with currents and winds.
The physical boundary between fast ice and drift ice is the fast ice boundary. The drift ice zone may be further divided into a shear zone, a marginal ice zone and a central pack. There are names for various floe sizes: It may consist of frazil ice plates or spicules of ice suspended in waterslush water saturated snowor shuga spongy white ice lumps a few centimeters across.
Other terms, such as grease ice and pancake iceare used for ice crystal accumulations under the action of wind and waves. Nilas designates a sea ice crust up to 10 centimetres 3.
It bends without breaking around waves and swells. Young ice is not as flexible as nilas, but tends to break under wave action. In a compression regime, it will either raft at the grey ice stage or ridge at the grey-white ice stage.
First-year sea ice is ice that is thicker than young ice but has no more than one year growth. In other words, it is ice that grows in the fall and winter after it has gone through the new ice — nilas — young ice stages and grows further but does not survive the spring and summer months it melts away.
The thickness of this ice typically ranges from 0. For this reason, this ice is generally thicker than first-year sea ice. Old ice is commonly divided into two types: In some sources,  old ice is more than 2-years old.
Multi-year ice is much more common in the Arctic than it is in the Antarctic. In the Arctic, much of the sea ice is land-locked. Driving forces[ edit ] While fast ice is relatively stable because it is attached to the shoreline or the seabeddrift or pack ice undergoes relatively complex deformation processes that ultimately give rise to sea ice's typically wide variety of landscapes.
Wind is thought to be the main driving force along with ocean currents.
An ice floe converging toward another and pushing against it will generate a state of compression at the boundary between both. The ice cover may also undergo a state of tension, resulting in divergence and fissure opening. If two floes drift sideways past each other while remaining in contact, this will create a state of shear.
Deformation[ edit ] Sea ice deformation results from the interaction between ice floes, as they are driven against each other. The end result may be of three types of features: A shear ridge is a pressure ridge that formed under shear — it tends to be more linear than a ridge induced only by compression.
In contrast, a weathered ridge is one with a rounded crest and with sides sloping at less than 40 degrees. They result from the interaction between fast ice and the drifting pack ice.Film Review of Ice Age Ice age has a 2 serious points/morals to the story of the film that you come to see as you follow through the film, one of these points is that family important and no matter how different people are anyone can be friends.
the second serious point is that with a major climate change like back then in the ice age it can wipe out all the animals and for many things to become extinct.
The Little Ice Age experienced by Europe had tremendously affected the agricultural life, health, economics and social strife of the people, especially those in early 16th century to latter 17th century. Pound's influential essay framing one of the modern era's most overlooked movements.
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Over the past few decades, to show the realism of ice age phenomena, science has come up with some rather startling evidence. Samples taken from the polar ice caps show ice age is real.
Residue samples from the polar ice caps have shown ice ages to be periodic, occurring about every 10, years or so. Colonial American beverages Hot, non-alcoholic Coffee, tea and chocolate were popular non-alcoholic hot beverages during American Colonial times. These imports were expensive, but not beyond the reach of the average person.
Folks too poor to afford the real thing brewed hot beverages from herbs, flowers, bark, roots, and woody stems.
Essay The New Ice Age - It was late August and the Cascades had been snow-covered from bases to peaks all year long while temperatures in Yakima, typically over a hundred degrees in the summer, had gone over seventy-five just once in three years. It had long been clear to Clayton—and billions of others—the new ice age had begun. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays. We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions.