Un-governability, or being beyond parental control For example: Fifteen-year old Ryan has made a habit of skipping school, and hanging out at the local park with his friends. Members of the group take turns stealing alcohol from home, passing it around while they hang out. When the school police breaks up the merrymaking, Ryan is smoking a cigarette, and holding a beer.
Menu Juvenile Justice Glossary 5th Amendment - Amendment that guarantees citizens the right to trial by jury, and the right to withhold self-incriminating statements. Adjudicate - To remove a case through judicial decision. Many juvenile justice cases are heard without the assistance of a jury.
In such cases the judge will hear the case and prescribe the best course of action, thus "removing" it from the court.
Concurrent jurisdiction - If a crime falls under the jurisdiction of both the juvenile court and the criminal court, the prosecutor has the liberty to decide where to file the case. Consent decree - A youth who has admitted to committing delinquent acts may have his case dismissed by fulfilling obligations to the court and the injured party.
These obligations are set out in a consent decree and often include restitution, mandatory curfew, increased school attendance, and rehabilitation. Criminal court - U. Increasingly, however, juveniles are being tried in criminal court.
Deinstitutionalization - The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of called for a "deinstitutionalization" of juvenile status offenders, requiring them to be removed from secure detention facilities.
Throughout the history of the juvenile justice system, numerous movements have been formed to ensure that youths are not unnecessarily kept in secure detention and correctional facilities.
Delinquency petition - A petition filed by a prosecutor asking for a youth to be declared "delinquent" by the juvenile court. An adjudicatory hearing will determine if the youth is culpable.
Disposition hearing - Scheduled if a youth has been found delinquent by the juvenile court. The probation officer, prosecutor, and juvenile are permitted to propose disposition strategies.
Recommendations frequently include drug rehabilitation, limited weekend confinement, restitution, and residential placement. Informal disposition - Held when a youth admits guilt to a crime in an informal juvenile hearing.
During the disposition, the requirements of the court are laid out in a consent decree.
Juvenile delinquency - A delinquency act is an act that would be considered criminal, if not for the fact that it was committed by a juvenile.
A juvenile is defined in the U. Code as a person under the age of Kangaroo court - Slang term referring to a court that falls short of legal standards. Critics questioning the legitimacy of juvenile courts have referred to them as kangaroo courts. LEAA - Law Enforcement Assistance Administration Mandatory waiver - Under mandatory waiver laws, a juvenile court receives and reviews a case but, under certain circumstances, is required to transfer it to criminal court.
PPO - Police Probation Officer Prosecutorial transfer - In cases under the concurrent jurisdiction of the juvenile and criminal courts, the prosecutor may use his or her discretion to decide where to try the case. Some restrictions have been established to guide prosecutorial transfers. Reformatory - Prior to the formal establishment of the Juvenile Justice System, delinquent youths were placed in privately run reformatories.
Reformatories are generally geared toward rehabilitating and educating youth. Reverse Waiver - A youth being tried in the adult system may request to be transferred into the juvenile justice system. Status offender - A juvenile who has committed an act that is only considered a law violation because of his or her status as a juvenile.
Some examples of status offenses are underage alcohol consumption, truancy from school, general "ungovernability," violation of curfew, and running away from home.The first half of the 20th century: the evolution of the form The United States.
The modern newspaper strip was born in the heat of rivalry between giants of the American press. In January a comic strip filled for the first time a full-colour page of Joseph Pulitzer’s newspaper the New York World; in October the publisher William Randolph Hearst announced in his rival paper, the.
Start studying FINAL EXAM - JUVENILE DELIQUENCY. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This Web site is funded in part through a grant from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Deliquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice.
Juvenile Delinquency and The Bling Side - The movie Blind Side was based on the best-selling book The Blind Side by Michael Lewis. In this story the main character Michael Oher is a troubled child that is taken in by an upper class family and is put through school. Jul 28, · Alpine County Superior Court Website.
Community outreach in a small county is a part of everyday activity. Judges campaign door to door for election and have the opportunity to talk to every citizen directly about the court and their perceptions of the services rendered.
Read chapter The Development of Delinquency: Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mids, public fear and political rhetoric over the is.