Notes on collaborative consumption

Many terms are being used to describe a broad swath of startups and models that in some way use digital technologies to directly match service and goods providers with customers, bypassing traditional middlemen.

Notes on collaborative consumption

Accelerating sustainable consumption and production patterns in cities around the globe[ clarification needed ] [81] Increased quality of service through rating systems provided by companies involved in the sharing economy [82] Increased flexibility of work hours and wages for independent contractors of the sharing economy Notes on collaborative consumption Increased quality of service provided by incumbent firms that work to keep up with sharing firms like Uber and Lyft [84] Encompassing many of the listed benefits of the sharing economy is the idea of the freelance worker.

Through monetizing unused assets, such as renting out a spare guest room on Airbnb, or providing personal services to others, such as becoming a driver with Uber, people are in effect becoming freelance workers.

Freelance work entails better opportunity for employment, as well as more flexibility for workers, as people have the ability to pick and choose the time and place of their work. As freelance workers, people can plan around their existing schedules and maintain multiple jobs if needed.

With freelance workers offering their services in the sharing economy, firms are able to save money on long-term labor costs, and increase marginal revenue from their operations.

The power bank-sharing concept works as follows: Through an app, users locate a shared-charger station, scan a QR code, Notes on collaborative consumption a deposit, and borrow a power bank. The battery packs can be returned to any charging station.

After the first day, users were charged 2 yuan per day for the service. Uber company and Lyft Using a personal car to transport passengers or deliveries requires payment, or sufferance, of costs for fees deducted by the dispatching company, fuel, wear and tear, depreciation, interest, taxes, as well as adequate insurance.

The driver is typically not paid for driving to an area where fares might be found in the volume necessary for high earnings, or driving to the location of a pickup or returning from a drop-off point.

Major cities such as San Francisco and New York City have become even more congested due to ride sharing. According to transportation analyst Charles Komanoff, "Uber-caused congestion has reduced traffic speeds in downtown Manhattan by around 8 percent".

Uber made a statement claiming that when it cut prices previously, "the amount of time drivers spent waiting for fares fell, meaning drivers did more business and ultimately earned more money". Ride sharing economy gave birth to food and grocery delivery systems.

It has the same business model as that of sharing economy based companies like Uber, Airbnb, or CanYa.

Find a copy in the library

The contract workers use their personal vehicles to deliver groceries to customers. Instacart manages to keep its cost low as it does not require any infrastructure to store goods.

In addition to having contract workers, Instacart allows signing up to be a "personal shopper" for Instacart through its official web page.

The authors say, "When "sharing" is market-mediated—when a company is an intermediary between consumers who don't know each other—it is no longer sharing at all.

Rather, consumers are paying to access someone else's goods or services. The notion of "sharing economy" has often been considered as an oxymoron, and a misnomer for actual commercial exchanges. A distinction can therefore be made between free mutualization such as genuine sharing and for-profit mutualization in the likes of Uber, Airbnb, or Taskrabbit.

The mutualization of resources is for example well known in business-to-business B2B like heavy machinery in agriculture and forestry as well as in business-to-consumer B2C like self-service laundries. But three major drivers enable consumer-to-consumer C2C mutualization of resources for a broad variety of new goods and services as well as new industries.

First, customer behaviour for many goods and services changes from ownership to sharing. Second, online social networks and electronic markets more easily link consumers. And third, mobile devices and electronic services make the use of shared goods and services more convenient e.

It's something quite different—the relentless co-optation of the gift economy by market capitalism. The sharing economy, as practiced by Silicon Valley, is a betrayal of the gift economy.

The potlatch has been paved over, and replaced with a digital shopping mall. Relationship to job loss[ edit ] New York Magazine wrote that the sharing economy has succeeded in large part because the real economy has been struggling. Specifically, in the magazine's view, the sharing economy succeeds because of a depressed labor market, in which "lots of people are trying to fill holes in their income by monetizing their stuff and their labor in creative ways", and in many cases, people join the sharing economy because they've recently lost a full-time job, including a few cases where the pricing structure of the sharing economy may have made their old jobs less profitable e.

The magazine writes that "In almost every case, what compels people to open up their homes and cars to complete strangers is money, not trust. Tools that help people trust in the kindness of strangers might be pushing hesitant sharing-economy participants over the threshold to adoption.

But what's getting them to the threshold in the first place is a damaged economy, and harmful public policy that has forced millions of people to look to odd jobs for sustenance.

However, Carl Benedikt Frey found that while the introduction of Uber had not led to jobs being lost, but had caused a reduction in the incomes of incumbent taxi drivers of almost 10 percent.

Notes on collaborative consumption

However, this concept is only hiding the fact that such employment is only a new face for contractual work and temporary employment that doesn't provide the necessary safeguards for modern living.Belk () notes that collaborative consumption occupies a middle ground between sharing and marketplace exchange, with elements of both.

Regardless of the types of goods and services offered, it seems generally acknowledged that collaborative consumption is concerned with providing access—often on a temporary basis—to goods and services.

A year of disaster relief shows how important cash is in helping to rebuild

Recession, wage stagnation, social media, environmental concerns, and the proliferation of smartphones are some of the factors that have helped fuel a rise in collaborative consumption.

85 notes. Reblog. Collaborative lifestyles. People are renting or loaning out their own homes and cars to travelers who want to skip hotel and rental company costs. Why The Collaborative Consumption Revolution Might Be As Significant As The Industrial Revolution (TCTV).

What’s interesting to me but may be old news to some of you is the proliferation of the “collaborative consumption” economy or the “access” economy. We started with Zipcar and Airbnb and there’s even a venture fund called Collaborative Fund to support ventures that tackle the entrepreneurship of sharing.

Start studying Anthropology: Digital Technology, Mass Media, and Consumerism (Notes and Terms). Learn vocabulary, terms, and . Community Structure and Collaborative Consumption A Routine Activity Approach MARCUS FELSON circumstances in which collaborative consumption occurs, hence al- Authors' Note: The authors acknowledge the students in (he Practicum in Survey Research of [he Department of Sociology, University of Illinois at.

The end of consumerism? | Money | The Guardian