References and Further Reading 1. Two Kinds of Natural Law Theory At the outset, it is important to distinguish two kinds of theory that go by the name of natural law. The first is a theory of morality that is roughly characterized by the following theses. First, moral propositions have what is sometimes called objective standing in the sense that such propositions are the bearers of objective truth-value; that is, moral propositions can be objectively true or false.
Without Objective Moral Law, Chaos Follows For moral order to exist, there must be an objective moral law easily perceived, common to all men and obliging to all equally. Therefore, an objective moral law must exist to guide human behavior, and prevent that individual freedom and the good of society be endangered.
In that case, morality would depend entirely on the number of policemen, and each man would need a policeman to watch him a tall times.
All law is a manifestation of the will of a legislator who imposes, commands, forbids, permits and punishes. Since we all have the same nature, the will of any man is equal to that of another, and no one man can impose his will on another.
Therefore he that resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God, and they that resist, purchase to themselves damnation. The law that precedes all human law is called Eternal Law. How can we prove through reason the existence of Eternal Law?
The Laws of Nature We begin by observing reality. As we contemplate the universe, we sense a harmony, an order that reverberates deeply in our souls and fills us with peace and awe.
Order is the proper disposition of things according to their end. Saint Thomas Aquinas teaches that the order of the universe is not random but of God. As Supreme Wisdom, God could not create without a goal in mind. Being infinite, God has in Himself all that is necessary to the perfection of His nature.
This goal is what orders and gives meaning to the universe. The order of the universe is only possible because created beings are endowed with perfection, with laws that guide them to their individual and general finality. For instance, all celestial bodies move in an orderly manner following a specific pattern.
Intelligent Beings and the Laws of Nature In this orderly universe—guided by the laws of nature that God uses to direct things—there are creatures that, though having material bodies, are endowed with a spiritual soul superior to matter: The laws of nature compel material things to react in a predetermined manner.
These are applicable to the human body, not to the soul. Would man in his superior part, the soul, not also have laws to help him understand and make decisions?
In a universe guided by laws, could the creature whose intelligence and free will place him above all others be the only one not guided by laws? In his intelligence and will, man is also guided by laws that help him without impairing his liberty.Law Books on sale at competitive prices, law books on all brunches of law such as Administrative Law, Business,Constitutional Law,Criminal Law,Dictionary and Terminology,Family and Health Law,Children, Divorce Separation, Domestic Relations, Health Law,General,Intellectual Property,International Law,Labor and Employment Law,Procedures and Litigation,Court Rules, Litigation,Taxation,Estates.
Medical ethics, human rights and law. Circumcision is more than a medical or health issue. Bodily integrity is recognized as a fundamental human right, basic to the autonomy of the individual and guaranteed by law.
ETERNAL LIFE vs. EVERLASTING PUNISHMENT. T he two possible outcomes of one's life in the minds of most Christians are "eternal life" and "everlasting punishment." Most denominations teach that "eternal life" will be spent in heaven..
Conversely, most think that unbelievers will go to hell, a place of fire and brimstone where sinners, along with Satan and the fallen angels, will be punished for.
The major problem of human society is to combine that degree of liberty without which law is tyranny, with that degree of law without which liberty becomes license. Natural law is the human "participation" in the eternal law and is discovered by reason.
Natural law is based on " first principles " this is the first precept of the law, that good is to be done and promoted, and evil is to be avoided.
THE NATURAL LAW THEORY of THOMAS AQUINAS Thomas D. D’Andrea, University of Cambridge. Thomas Aquinas is generally regarded as the West’s pre-eminent theorist of the natural law, critically inheriting the main traditions of natural law or quasi–natural law thinking in the ancient world (including the Platonic, and particularly Aristotelian and Stoic traditions) and bringing.