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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to Adolescence and adulthood essay all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Your response to each question should be at least words in length. There are many major physical changes that take place during the course of adolescence. Many would argue that the most prominent changes involve puberty and the endocrine system.
The various endocrine glands present in the body begin to secrete hormones that influence puberty and initiate physical changes such as: Secondary sex characteristics typically occur in specific stages, first introduced by J.
Other physical changes involve primary sex characteristics. These changes involve things like: Changes in the brain include two major growth spurts occurring between the ages of thirteen and seventeen.
During this period, the cerebral cortex becomes thicker and neural pathways become more efficient — this allows adolescents to think in abstract terms, to reflect on their cognitive processes, and to develop more efficient problem solving skills Along with the physical changes experienced during adolescence, there are many cognitive changes that occur as well.
Teens begin to gain independence and become sensation-seeking a desire to experience increased levels of arousalrisky behaviors become more common, sexual behavior becomes more likely, and drugs or alcohol may become more appealing.
Many changes in thinking and memory also occur. These cognitive milestones were first introduced by Piaget who also conceptualized the Formal Operational Stage of Development.
The elements to this particular theory include: Formal operational thinking also allows teens to understand figurative language more quickly. Metacognition and metamemory skills continue to increase and the ability to strategize increases. Another surprising change in cognition involves the processing of and memory for text There is a major difference between the studies of infancy; childhood, adolescence, and adulthood because doctors and researchers begin to investigate the loss of function, rather than the major increases of function seen in earlier years.
Major physical changes that occur in early adulthood include changes to the brain and nervous system, growth spurts, sex differences, declines in physical functioning, changes in the heart and lungs, changes in strength and speed, reproductive capacity, and immune system functioning.
Surprisingly, recent research has suggested that some parts of the brain produce new neurons to replace those that die even within the brains of those in the early adulthood stage.
The loss of physical functioning affects almost every major organ in young adulthood. More specifically, declines are seen in vision, hearing, smell, taste, muscles, bones, heart and lungs; the nervous system, the immune system, the reproductive system, cellular elasticity, height, weight, skin, and hair.
Changes in middle adulthood are similar to that of the changes that occur in early adulthood. These changes involve the brain and nervous system, the reproductive system, the skeletal system, and vision and hearing.
It is also argued that behavioral choices and mental health affect the adult brain in middle adulthood. Finally, it has been suggested that middle age adults have less control over attention processes due to an inhibition of brain stimuli to irrelevant stimuli Within the reproductive system, many changes are seen in both males and females.
Testosterone levels begin to slowly decline, instances of erectile dysfunction begin to appear, and impotence becomes more common. In females, reproductive changes in early adulthood include: There are several physical changes that affect all adults in late adulthood.
It has been suggested that education is the cause of the reduced atrophying of the cerebral cortex. Synaptic speed decreases as a result of a loss of dendrites, plasticity decreases and reaction time increases. In addition, many adults in late adulthood find it more difficult to hear in noisy situations.
Mild hearing loss and tinnitus can also occur. There are many major milestones related to cognitive functioning in early, middle, and late adulthood.Adolescence can be defined as a transional stage that encompasses changes in the mental and physical domains of human development which occur between childhood and adulthood.
This transition is composed of social, biological and psychological changes. The adolescent is no longer a child, but they haven’t yet reached adulthood.
Adolescence is considered people between the ages of 13 and Puberty is the physical maturing that makes an individual capable of sexual reproduction. The developmental stages of adolescence and adulthood. Print Reference the individual is transiting into adulthood from adolescence and continued physical growth is exhibited especially in shoulder width and chest width being exhibited.
If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK. The stages of adolescence and adulthood are both critical and transitional phases that individuals have to undergo in the human cycle of life. Adolescence and Adulthood Developmental Stages Worksheet Essay Sample.
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Adolescence and Late Adulthood Adolescence, the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood, is marked by the onset of puberty, the point at which sexual maturity occurs.
The age at which puberty begins has implications for the way people view themselves and the way others see them.