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Visit Website Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital.
Both sides wanted the same thing: But while Ho and his supporters wanted a nation modeled after other communist countries, Bao and many others wanted a Vietnam with close economic and cultural ties to the West. According to a survey by the Veterans Administration, someof the 3 million troops who served in Vietnam suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and rates of divorce, suicide, alcoholism and drug addiction were markedly higher among veterans.
When Did the Vietnam War Start? The Vietnam War and active U. The French loss at the battle ended almost a century of French colonial rule in Indochina. The subsequent treaty signed in July at a Geneva conference split Vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th Parallel 17 degrees north latitudewith Ho in control in the North and Bao in the South.
The treaty also called for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam. Though the NLF claimed to be autonomous and that most of its members were not communists, many in Washington assumed it was a puppet of Hanoi.
Kennedy in to report on conditions in South Vietnam advised a build-up of American military, economic and technical aid in order to help Diem confront the Viet Cong threat.
Bythe U. Gulf of Tonkin A coup by some of his own generals succeeded in toppling and killing Diem and his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, in Novemberthree weeks before Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Congress soon passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolutionwhich gave Johnson broad war-making powers, and U.
In MarchJohnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U. By June, 82, combat troops were stationed in Vietnam, and military leaders were calling formore by the end of to shore up the struggling South Vietnamese army. Despite the concerns of some of his advisers about this escalation, and about the entire war effort amid a growing anti-war movement, Johnson authorized the immediate dispatch oftroops at the end of July and anotherin Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.
Heavy bombing by B aircraft or shelling made these zones uninhabitable, as refugees poured into camps in designated safe areas near Saigon and other cities. Even as the enemy body count at times exaggerated by U.
Additionally, supported by aid from China and the Soviet Union, North Vietnam strengthened its air defenses. The later years of the war saw increased physical and psychological deterioration among American soldiers—both volunteers and draftees—including drug use, post-traumatic stress disorder PTSDmutinies and attacks by soldiers against officers and noncommissioned officers.18 March to 28 May Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March until 26 May , during the Vietnam War.
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RIP dear Micheal, you are missed Find this Pin and more on Vietnam War - by Rene Beyer. During the Vietnam War, the Americans tried to track down and destroy the Viet Cong, or the North Vietnamese because they were communists.
When Richard Nixon entered office in January , however, the President and Special Assistant for National Security Henry Kissinger expanded the war beyond South Vietnam into enemy sanctuaries in Laos, Cambodia, and North Vietnam.
The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism. History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The Joint Chiefs of Staff and The War in Vietnam – Page i no folio.
Page ii no folio History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the war in Vietnam, /Willard J. Webb. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Oct 29, · Watch video · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
The conflict was.